What is a septic tank and how to maintain it?

Septic tank

An underground tank made up of concrete, fiberglass, or plastic through which wastewater flows for treatment purposes is called a septic tank. The tank uses anaerobic processes to eliminate the microorganisms and solids from water and make it fit for use. In short, these tanks are a type of simple onsite sewage facility.

Mechanism of a septic tank

A septic tank uses a combination of nature and technology to treat wastewater from drains, laundry, bathrooms, and other household plumbing. It has different parts like the soil absorption field, the drain field, and the septic tank. The septic tank not only identifies the solid matter in water but also digests it and separates all types of floatable matter from water. It is then discharged into a series of pipes that are found below the field or in other systems designed to transfer the waste matter into the soil. These systems use gravity, pumps, or the process of evaporation to remove different pathogens and pollutants like nitrogen and phosphorus from the wastewater. Plumbers in Plumpton highly recommend the installation of a septic tank on your property. It is the best method to ensure safe and healthy water for your loved ones.

Maintenance of a septic tank

The septic system of your house is the most important but the most overlooked part of your property. It needs proper maintenance and timely repairs to make sure it works efficiently. A majority of people do not know where the septic tank is located in their house and usually get to know about the septic system from a neighbor or anyone who used to live in the house previously. Plumbers in Plumpton have made a list of tasks that every house owner should know. These are some simple ways to maintain your septic system.

1.    Do not overload the septic tank

Every member of an average family uses about 70 gallons of water, and only a minor leak in your washroom can waste another 200 gallons every day. It can simply double the amount of water used in your house. These small leaks put a strain on the water supplies and drain fields. Thus, it is very important to fix these leaks on time and ask for plumbers in Plumpton to have a detailed look at the septic system for further defects.

2.    Inspect and pump frequently

A household septic tank should be inspected every three years by a professional plumber in Plumpton and it should be pumped every three to five years. Any alternative system like pumps, float switches, or other mechanical components should be inspected at least once a year. It is very important to have a maintenance contract with the company dealing with installations because it usually has timely visits of professionals at your place. They come and inspect the septic system. Any faults if present are detected, and all the repairs are done.

3.    Dispose of your waste properly

Everything that you flush in your toilet, throw in the garbage disposal, or pour into the drains, sinks or showers ends up in the septic system. These waste materials greatly affect your septic system. Always remember your drains and your toilets are not trash cans. Never flush anything except human waste in your toilets and never pour oily and greasy items in the drains.

4.    Maintain the drain field

The drain field is the part of a septic system that removes all the contaminated materials from the water inside the septic tank. The maintenance of the drain field is directly related to the maintenance of the septic tank. Some easy steps to maintain your drain field are:

·       Always plant trees at a safe distance from the septic system. The roots of trees can damage the drain fields. Always consult a professional to guide you about a safe position to plant trees.

·       Keep the roof drains, pumps, and other drainage systems away from the septic system. This is because excess water hampers the water treatment process.

·       Always be careful not to drive or park on the drain field, it might damage it.

It is very important to reduce the risk of failures in your septic system, some easy methods to reduce the rate of failure are discussed above. These methods are not only simple but are also easy on your pocket. A final piece of advice, use water efficiently. Using water efficiently improves the operation of your septic system and thus minimizes the chances of failure. 

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